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What does SCORM mean?

SCORM definition

SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model) Packages refer to a standardised format used in Learning and Development (L&D) to package, deliver, and track online training content. SCORM is a set of technical specifications that ensure compatibility and interoperability between different eLearning systems, allowing organisations to create and distribute consistent, reusable training materials.

There are five editions of SCORM : SCORM 1.1, SCORM 1.2, SCORM 2004 2nd Edition, SCORM 2004 3rd Edition and SCORM 2004 4th edition but the most widely used versions of SCORM are SCORM 1.2 and SCORM 2004 3rd Edition.

SCORM example

Imagine an organisation that wants to provide its employees with online compliance training. The L&D team designs a series of interactive modules containing text, images, videos, and quizzes. To deliver this training, they package the content into a SCORM-compliant package. This package can then be uploaded to various learning management systems (LMS) without compatibility issues. Learners can access the training, interact with the content, and their progress and quiz scores will be accurately tracked and reported back to the LMS.


What is the purpose of using SCORM packages in L&D?

SCORM packages ensure consistency and compatibility in delivering eLearning content across different platforms and systems. They allow organisations to create content once and use it across various learning management systems, saving time and effort.

How does a SCORM package work?

A SCORM package consists of a collection of web-based files (HTML, JavaScript, multimedia) along with a manifest file that describes the structure and organisation of the content. When a learner accesses a SCORM package through an LMS, the content is displayed in a standardised manner, and learner interactions are tracked and communicated back to the LMS.

Can I customise SCORM packages to suit my organisation's needs?

Yes, SCORM packages can be customised to align with your organisation's branding and specific learning objectives. However, customisation should adhere to SCORM standards to ensure compatibility across different systems.

Are SCORM packages the only way to deliver eLearning content?

No, there are other formats like xAPI (Experience API) that offer more flexibility in tracking and reporting learner interactions. However, SCORM remains widely used due to its established compatibility and ease of implementation.

What are the benefits of using SCORM packages for learners?

SCORM packages provide a consistent learning experience regardless of the LMS used. Learners can complete training modules at their own pace, and their progress is accurately tracked, enabling them to resume where they left off and allowing L&D teams to measure learning effectiveness.

Can SCORM packages track more than completion and quiz scores?

While SCORM primarily tracks completion status and quis results, it also has limited capability to track interactions such as clicks and time spent on different sections. For more advanced tracking, xAPI is a more suitable choice.

What is the difference between SCORM 1.2 and SCORM 2004?

SCORM 1.2 and SCORM 2004 are different versions of the SCORM standard. SCORM 1.2 is simpler and widely supported, while SCORM 2004 offers more complex sequencing, navigation, and tracking features. The choice depends on your organisation's requirements and the capabilities of your LMS.

SCORM packages play a crucial role in the field of Learning and Development by providing a standardised way to package, deliver, and track eLearning content. They ensure compatibility across different systems, making it easier for organisations to deliver consistent training experiences to their learners.

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